Ecovillage - Ecotourism
An ecovillage is an agglomeration,with a perspective ofself-sufficiency based on two axes: an alternative economic model and a predominant place given toecology.
It is also a set of human-sized habitats, where the priority is to place man and the environment at the centre of all interests, to restore a more balanced place to man in harmony with his environment,in a respect for theecosystems present.
The major challenge of each eco-village is to create a harmonious environment so that each individual can achieve their own qualities and skills, respecting others and the environment.
Different criteria are considered to ensure its sustainable development.
This is how special attention will be paid:
At the ecological level: land use planning, construction, renewable energy management, agriculture, water management, waste management;
At the economic level: boosting local production through the integration of small businesses and small local businesses;
At the social level: by creating a pole allowing locals to offer and participate in dating activities, entertainment suitable for children, teenagers and adults.
Ecovillages based mainly on ecology and agriculture;
Ecovillages based on a spiritual philosophy;
Structured ecovillages to revitalise sociability;
Others with broader goals based on the concepts of sustainability and equity.
An ecovillage practices new or traditional ideas and techniques aimed at building a sustainable future. In short, the vocation of ecovillages is to implement an ecological and just collective way of life.
The range of possible activities in an eco-village is quite extensive. This diversity generates a local economy:
Organic farming, permaculture
Home, resourcing, training center (technical, ecological, …)
Business incubator meeting ecological and ethical criteria
The Eco Village economy can integrate a Local Exchange System that allows knowledge, goods and services to be acquired and exchanged without using money by comparing the various requests.
Each eco-villagehas its own orientation, sensitivity and functioning.
Ecotourism is a form of tourism that emerged some forty years ago, when environmental protection was at the heart of all debates. Its definition, however, is much more recent. A term misused by bothssionnel professionals and travellers.
According to Mexican architect Hector Ceballos-Lascurain, ecotourism is a “form of tourism that consists of visiting relatively untouched or undisturbed natural areas, with the aim of studying and admiring the landscape and the wild plants and animals it houses, as well as any cultural event (past and present) observed in these areas”
Ecotourism is a tourism approach committed to sustainable development aimed at preserving the biodiversity and cultural resources of a natural area. Raising awareness of social and environmental issues for all stakeholders is paramount. Thus, to hike in a park, accompanied by a local guide, is like ecotourism because it generates significant income for host communities hence sustainable development at the Centre of Concerns.
It boils down to discovering and preserving nature and its inhabitants.
In other words, tooperateresponsibly in natural sites while preserving the environment and the well-being of local people.
We discover the fauna, the flora but also the inhabitants of the region visited, which differentiates ecotourism from adventure tourism or nature tourism. The latter two are only one component of the equation.
Ecotourism is a term often confused with sustainable tourism or responsible tourism.
While the three concepts are based on the fundamentals of sustainable development (economic, social and environmental dimensions), ecotourism essentially refers to natural spaces, while sustainable and responsible tourism are much broader concepts.
The fundamentals of ecotourism proposed by the TIES are therefore:
• Minimize the physical, social, behavioural and psychological impacts of tourism on the environment and all that entails.
• To participate in raising awareness of the cultural and environmental issues of the site visited.
• Bring positive experiences for the visitor and for the host populations.
• Provide direct funding necessary for the preservation of the environment.
• Generating economic benefits for local people.
• Involve the visitor and raise awareness of the political, social and environmental issues of the countries visited.
• Design equipment with a low socio-environmental impact.
• Recognize and work with local communities to recognize the spiritual rights and beliefs of local communities to promote their “empowerment.”
The specificity of sustainable development lies in the recognition of the environment as an element of development. The novelty of taking the environment into account in development issues requires us to explore other fields of activity previously considered marginal.
One thing is absolutely certain: in no country, let alone on the entire planet, the contemporary evolution of human civilization has no lasting character. Thus, the idea of sustainable development is a challenge, an urgent call to explore pathways that would allow us to achieve this
Among the range of tools proposed to evolve towards the sustainable development of our societies, there is one that is now attracting attention: ecotourism.
The Ecotourism and Sustainable Development Relationship highlights the issue of its compatibility with the development of local communities and the protection of the environment. Thus,ecotourism is often seen as a miracle solution capable of reconciling economic development, environmental protection and the well-being of communities. “Around the world, ecotourism has been hailed as a panacea: a way to finance conservation and scientific research, to protect pristine and fragile ecosystems, to benefit rural communities, to promote development in poor countries, to strengthen ecological and cultural sensitivity, to instil social and environmental awareness in the tourism industry, to satisfy and educate tourists and even, according to some, to build world peace.
Ecotourism includes the following specific principles:
• Ecotourism actively contributes to the protection of natural and cultural heritage;
• Ecotourism includes local and indigenous communities in its planning, development and exploitation and contributes to their well-being;
• Ecotourism offers visitors an interpretation of natural and cultural heritage;
• ecotourism lends itself better to the practice of individual travel as well as organized trips for small groups.
Udoes analysis of definitions leads us to consider three dimensions that constitute the very essence of the concept of ecotourism:
It’s un tourism focused on nature;
This is uonly educational component;
It’su’s need for sustainability.